Wednesday, 24 September 2014

SHAKTHI PEETHAS

The Shakti Peethas are places of worship consecrated to the goddess Shakti or Sati, the female principal of Hinduism and the main deity of the Shakta sect. They are sprinkled throughout the Indian subcontinent.

This goddess Shakti, the Goddess of power is the complete incarnation of Adi Shakti, has three chief manifestations, as Durga, Goddess of strength and valour, as Mahakali, goddess of destruction of evil and as Goddess Gowri, the goddess of benevolence.

Lord Brahma performed a yajna (Vedic ritual of fire sacrifice) to please Shakti and Shiva. Goddess Shakti emerged, separating from Shiva and helped Brahma in the creation of the universe. Brahma decided to give Shakti back to Shiva. Therefore his son Daksha performed several yagnas to obtain Shakti as his daughter in the form of Sati. It was then decided that Sati was brought into this world with the motive of getting married to Shiva.



However, due to Lord Shiva's curse to Brahma that his fifth head was cut off due to his lie in front of Shiva, Daksha started hating Lord Shiva and decided not to let Lord Shiva and Sati get married. However, Sati got attracted to Shiva and finally one day Shiva and Sati got married. This marriage only increased Daksha's hatred towards Lord Shiva.

Daksha performed a yagna with a desire to take revenge on Lord Shiva. Daksha invited all the deities to the yajna except Lord Shiva and Sati. The fact that she was not invited did not deter Sati from attending the yagna. She expressed her desire to attend the yagna to Shiva, who tried his best to dissuade her from going. Shiva eventually relented and Sati went to the yagna. Sati, being an uninvited guest, was not given any respect at the yagna. Furthermore, Daksha insulted Shiva. Sati was unable to bear her father's insults toward her husband, so she immolated herself.





           Enraged at the insult and the injury, Shiva in Virabhadra avatar destroyed Daksha's yagna, cut off Daksha's head, and later replaced it with that of a male goat as he restored him to life. Still immersed in grief, Shiva picked up the remains of Sati's body, and performed the Tandava, the celestial dance of destruction, across all creation. The other Gods requested Vishnu to intervene to stop this destruction, towards which Vishnu used the Sudarshana Chakra, which cut through the Sati's corpse. The various parts of the body fell at several spots all through the Indian subcontinent and formed sites which are known as Shakti Peethas today.



At all the Shakti Peethas, the Goddess Shakti is accompanied by her consort, Lord Bhairava (a manifestation of Lord Shiva). Shakti is an aspect of the Supreme Being Adi parashakti, the mother of the trimurti, the holy trinity in Hindu mythology. 


There are total of 108 shakti peethas according to puranas, in them 

4 - Adhi Shakti Peetas.

Place
Body Part or Ornament
Puri, Odisha (inside Jagannath Temple complex)
Pada Bimala
Berhampur, Odisha
Sthana (Breasts) Tara Tarini
Guwahati, Assam
Yoni khanda Kamakshya
Kolkata, West Bengal (Kalighat Kali Temple)
Mukha khanda Dakshina Kalika

18 are called maha shakti peetas, ASHTADASA SHAKTHI PEETHAS



Place
Part of the body fallen
Shakti
Trincomalee (Sri Lanka)
Groin
Shankari devi
Kanchi (Tamil Nadu)
Back part
Kamakshi Devi
Pandua (West Bengal)
Stomach
Srigala Devi
Mysore (Karnataka)
Hair
Chamundeshwari devi
Alampur (telangana)
Upper teeth
Jogulamba devi (Yogamba devi)
Shrishailam, (Andhra Pradesh)
Neck part
Bhramaramba devi
Kolhapur (Maharastra)
Eyes
Mahalakshmi devi
Mahur (Nanded District, Maharastra)
Left hand
Renuka Devi
Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh)
Tongue
Mahakali devi
Pithapuram (Andhra Pradesh)
Back part
Puruhutika devi
Jajpur (Odisha)
Hip bone
Biraja Devi
Draksharamam (Andhra Pradesh)
Navel
Manikyamba devi
Guwahati (Assam)
Vulva
Kamarupa devi
Prayaga (Uttar Pradesh)
Fingers
Madhaveswari devi
Kangra, Jwalamukhi (Himachal Pradesh)
Head Part
Vaishnavi devi
Gaya (Bihar)
Breast part
Sarvamangala devi
Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)
Toes
Vishalakshi devi
Sharada Peeth (Kashmir) *
Right hand
Saraswathi devi


51 other Shakti Peeths are very important and known to ancient Hindu religious pilgrims.

Place
State in India/Country
Body Part or Ornament
Shakti
Bhairava
Amarnath, from Srinagar through Pahalgam 94 km by Bus, Chandanwari 16 km by walk
Jammu and Kashmir
Throat
Mahamaya
Trisandhyeshwar
Attahas village of Dakshindihi in the district of Bardhaman, near the Katwa railway station
West Bengal
Lips
Phullara
Vishvesh
Bahula, on the banks of Ajay river at Ketugram, 8 km from Katwa, Burdwan
West Bengal
Left arm
Goddess Bahula
Bhiruk
Bakreshwar, on the banks of Paaphara river, 24 km distance from Siuri Town, district Birbhum, 7 km from Dubrajpur Rly. Station
West Bengal
Portion between the eyebrows
Mahishmardini
Vakranath
Bhairavparvat, at Bhairav hills on the banks of Shipra river in the city of Ujjaini
Madhya Pradesh
Elbow
Avanti
Lambkarna
Bhabanipur, located in the Upazilla of Sherpur, Bogra, Rajshahi Division. Also located at Karatoyatat, it is about 28 km distance from the town of Sherpur.
Bangladesh
Left anklet (ornament)
Arpana
Vaman
Chhinnamastika Shaktipeeth at Chintpurni, in Una District of Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
Feet
Chhinnamastika
Rudra Mahadev
Gandaki, Pokhara about 125 km on the banks of Gandaki river where Muktinath temple is situated
Nepal
Temple
Gandaki Chandi
Chakrapani
Goddess Bhadrakaali on banks of Godavari in Nasik city
Maharashtra
Chin (2 parts)
Bhramari
Vikritaksh
Hinglaj (Or Hingula), southern Baluchistan a few hours North-east of Gawadar and about 125 km towards North-west from Karachi
Pakistan
Bramharandhra (Part of the head)
Kottari
Bhimlochan
Jayanti at Nartiang village in the Jaintia Hills district. This Shakti Peetha is locally known as the Nartiang Durga Temple.
Meghalaya
Left thigh
Jayanti
Kramadishwar
Jessoreswari, situated at Ishwaripur, Shyamnagar Upazila, Khulna Division. The temple complex was built by Maharaja Pratapaditya, whose capital was Ishwaripur.
Bangladesh
Palms of hands and soles of the feet
Jashoreshwari
Chanda
Jwalaji, Kangra from Pathankot alight at Jwalamukhi Road Station from there 20 km
Himachal Pradesh
Tongue
Siddhida (Ambika)
Unmatta Bhairav
Kalipeeth, (Kalighat, Kolkata)
West Bengal
Right Toes
Kalika
Nakuleshwar
Kalmadhav on the banks of Shon river in a cave over hills near to Amarkantak
Madhya Pradesh
Left buttock
Kali
Asitang
Kamgiri, Kamakhya, in the Neelachal hills near Guwahati
Assam
Genitals
Kamakhya
Umanand
Kankalitala, on the banks of Kopai River 10 km north-east of Bolpur station in Birbhum district, Devi locally known as Kankaleshwari
West Bengal
Bone
Devgarbha
Ruru
Kanyashram of Balaambika - The Bhagavathy temple in Kanyakumari, the southernmost tip of mainland India, Tamil Nadu (also thought to be situated in Yunnan province, China)
Tamil Nadu
Back
Sarvani
Nimish
Karnat, Brajeshwari Devi, Kangra
Himachal Pradesh
Both ears
Jayadurga
Abhiru
Kireet at Kireetkona village, 3 km from Lalbag Court Road station under district Murshidabad
West Bengal
Crown
Vimla
Sanwart
Locally known as Anandamayee Temple. Ratnavali, on the banks of Ratnakar river at Khanakul-Krishnanagar, district Hooghly
West Bengal
Right Shoulder
Kumari
Shiva
Locally known as Bhramari Devi. In Jalpaiguri near a small village Boda on the bank of river Teesta or Tri-shrota (combination of three flows) mentioned in Puranas
West Bengal
Left leg
Bhraamari
Ambar
Manas, under Tibet at the foot of Mount Kailash in Lake Mansarovar, a piece of Stone
Tibet
Right hand
Dakshayani
Amar
Manibandh, at Gayatri hills near Pushkar 11 km north-west of Ajmer
Rajasthan
Two Bracelets
Gayatri
Sarvanand
Mithila, near Janakpur railway station on the border of India and Nepal
Nepal
Left shoulder
Uma
Mahodar
Nainativu (Manipallavam), Northern Province, Sri Lanka. Located 36 km from the ancient capital of the Jaffna kingdom, Nallur. The murti of the Goddess is believed to have been consecrated and worshipped by Lord Indra. The protagonist, Lord Rama and antagonist, Ravana of the Sanskrit epic Ramayana have offered obeisances to the Goddess. Nāga and Garuda of the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata; resolved their longstanding feuds after worshipping this Goddess.
Sri Lanka
Silambu (Anklets)
Indrakshi (Nagapooshani / Bhuvaneswari)
Rakshaseshwar (Nayanair)
Nepal, near Pashupatinath Temple at Guhyeshwari Temple
Nepal
Both Knees
Mahashira
Kapali
On Chandranath hill near Sitakunda station of Chittagong Division. The famous Chandranath Temple on the top of the hill is the Bhairav temple of this Shakti Peetha, not the Shakti Peeth itself.
Bangladesh
Right arm
Bhawani
Chandrashekhar
Panchsagar Near Lohaghat (in Champawat District of Uttarakhand) nearly 100 km from nearest railway station Tanakpur.
Uttarakhand
Lower teeth
Varahi
Maharudra
Prabhas, 4 km from Veraval station near Somnath temple in Junagadh district
Gujarat
Stomach
Chandrabhaga
Vakratund
Prayag near Sangam at Allahabad
Uttar Pradesh
Finger
Lalita
Bhava
Present day Kurukshetra town or Thanesar ancient Sthaneshwar
Haryana
Ankle bone
Savitri/BhadraKali
Sthanu
Ramgiri, at Chitrakuta on the Jhansi Manikpur railway line
Uttar Pradesh
Right breast
Shivani
Chanda
Sainthia, locally Known as Nandikeshwari temple. Only 1.5 km from the railway station under a banyan tree within a boundary wall, Birbhum district
West Bengal
Necklace
Nandini
Nandikeshwar
Sarvashail or Godavaritir, at Kotilingeswar temple on the banks of Godavari river near Rajamundry
Andhra Pradesh
Cheeks
Rakini or Vishweshwari
Vatsnabh or Dandpani
Naina devi, [[]]
Himachal Pradesh
Eyes
Mahishmardini
Krodhish
Shondesh, at the source point of Narmada River in Amarkantak
Madhya Pradesh
Right buttock
Narmada
Bhadrasen
Shri Parvat, near Ladak, Jammu and Kashmir. Another belief: at Srisailam in Shriparvat hills under Kurnool district
Andhra Pradesh
Right anklet (ornament)
Shrisundari
Sundaranand
Shri Shail, at Joinpur village, Dakshin Surma, near Gotatikar, 3 km north-east of Sylhet town
Bangladesh
Neck
Mahalaxmi
Sambaranand
Shuchi, in a Shiva temple at Suchindrum 11 km on Kanyakumari Trivandrum road
Tamil Nadu
Upper teeth
Narayani
Sanhar
Sugandha, situated in Shikarpur, Gournadi, about 20 km from Barisal town, on the banks of Sonda river.
Bangladesh
Nose
Sugandha
Trayambak
Udaipur, Tripura, at the top of the hills known as Tripura Sundari temple near Radhakishorepur village, a little distance away from Udaipur town
Tripura
Right leg
Tripura Sundari
Tripuresh
Ujaani, 16 km from Guskara station under Burdwan district
West Bengal
Right wrist
Mangal Chandika
Kapilambar
Varanasi at Manikarnika Ghat on banks of the Ganges at Kashi
Uttar Pradesh
Earring
Vishalakshi & Manikarni
Kalbhairav
Vibhash, at Tamluk under district Purba Medinipur
West Bengal
Left ankle
Kapalini (Bhimarupa)
Sarvanand
Virat, near Bharatpur
Rajasthan
Left toes
Ambika
Amriteshwar
Vrindavan, near new bus stand on Bhuteshwar road within Bhuteshwar Mahadev Temple, Katyayanipeeth. Vrindavan
Uttar Pradesh
Ringlets of hair
Uma
Bhutesh
Jalandhar, from Jalandhar Cantonment Station to Devi Talab.
Punjab
Left Breast
Tripurmalini
Bhutesh
Baidyanath Dham
Jharkhand
Heart
Jaya Durga
Baidyanath
Birajong in Paro
Paro, Bhutan
Bamonbonsham
Paropit
Great Toe
Jugaadya
-Ksheer Khandak

SHAKTHI STOTRA

Lankayam Shankari devi, Kamakshi Kanchika pure
Pradyumne Shrinkhala devi, Chamunda Krouncha pattane 
 Alampure Jogulamba,Sri shaile Bhramarambika 
Kolha pure Maha lakshmi, Mahurye Ekaveerika 
Ujjainyam Maha kali, Peethikayam Puruhutika 
Odhyane Girija devi, Manikya Daksha vatike 
Hari kshetre Kama rupi, Prayage Madhaveshwari 
Jwalayam Vaishnavi devi, Gaya Mangalya gourika
Varanasyam Vishalakshi, Kashmire tu Saraswati 
Ashtadasha Shakti peethani, Yoginamapi durlabham 
Sayamkale pathennityam, Sarva shatri vinashanam 
Sarva roga haram divyam, Sarva sampatkaram shubham 






1 comment: