Saturday, 8 March 2014

Lord Vishnu and His Incarnations with Darwin Evolution theory

Lord Vishnu and his Incarnations :-

Science really exist at the time of our ancestors itself. But I believe that the way of teaching is different from now. It was well explained in a story than on paper, relating to human science and psychology. We never forget what we learn from parents in childhood and we never forget a beautiful story as well. The same way beautiful stories were added to our belief and science is integrated to it by our ancestors. So that they can be remembered for ever. In that case Charles Darwin had re-concluded the evolution stages after many eras on our existing science. Lets see how beautifully science is integrated in our mythology.

Lord Vishnu is the one among the Thrimurthi’s and is the supreme god of Vaishnavism. Lord Vishnu is the creator and destroyer of all existences. He is the one who supports, preserves, sustains and governs the universe. Lord Vishnu is described as having four arms holding lotus flower in lower left hand, Kaumodaki gada in lower right hand, Panchajanya Sankha in the upper left hand and Sudarshana chakra in upper right hand. On the ocean of milk, Lord reclines and rests on Ananta Shesha( king of serpent deities, commonly shown with thousand heads).Goddess Lakshmi is his wife.

Most of the time, good and evil forces are evenly matched in the world. But at times, the balance is destroyed and evil demons get the upper hand. Often in response to a request by the other gods, Vishnu then incarnates in a human form to set the balance right again. Lord Vishnu has 10 Incarnations and though there are 24 Avatar’s as per Shrimad Bhagavatam , only ten are worshipped directly. Among these Avatar’s 9 occurred and one will be taking place in future as Lord Kalki.

Ten Incarnations of Lord Vishnu are:

·      Matsya: The Incarnation of Lord as large fish to kill Damanaka for saving Vedas and also Manu from a great flood that submerges the entire earth.

·      Kurma: In this Incarnation Lord helps Devas and Asuras to churn the ocean for nectar of Immortality.

·      Varaha: Lord Takes the form of Boar to save earth and kill Hiranyaksha.

·      Narasimha: Lord rescues his devotee Prahalad and defeats the Asura King Hiranyakashapa in the form of half lion and half human.

·      Vamana: Lord as a dwarf grows into a giant to save the world from Asura King Bali.

·      Parashurama: "Rama of the battle axe", a sage who appeared in the Treta Yuga. He killed Kartavirya’s army and clan and then killed all the ksatriyas 21 times.

·      Shri Rama: The prince and king of Ayodhya who killed Demon King Raavan.

·         Shri Krishna: the eighth avatar of Vishnu. Together with his brother Balaram an avatar of Serpentine his dearest servant.

·         Budha: The ninth avatar of Vishnu. Prince of wisdom from Kapilavastu.

·       Kalki: the tenth Avatar of Vishnu and said to be the harbinger of the end Kali Yuga.

Other Incarnations:

Adi Purush Avatar ( Incarnation of Pre-eminent man): Lord Vishnu took his first incarnation as the pre-eminent man, with a desire to commence creation. This first incarnation of Lord Vishnu was full of all the sixteen Kalas (Supernatural powers).
Lord Brahma manifested from the navel of Lord Vishnu in his (Lord Vishnu) state of Yoganidra (deep meditation). The creation as well as the expansion of the creation commenced from the organs of Lord Brahma. The first incarnation of Lord Vishnu is all-powerful, which can be seen only by the yogins and sages who have attained divine knowledge. This incarnation is also the indestructible seed from which all the other incarnations manifest themselves. During the time of final annihilation of the world, every creation merges into him.

The Eternal Youths: Sanatkumar was the 'Manasputra' (born by a wish) of Lord Brahma. Throughout his life, he maintained celibacy; and engaged himself in the performance of tremendous penance. He was the one from whom the Brahmins got the inspiration regarding the values and importance of penance and Celibacy

Narada Avatar: Lord Vishnu took his fourth incarnation as Narada. Narada by becoming a 'Devarishi' among all the sages, achieved liberation from all of his Karma's (action). Narada was the one who gave discourses to the Vaishnavas (followers of Lord Vishnu) on 'Pancharatra Tantra'.

Lord Vishnu in his incarnation as Narada, showed that, the devotion is the best mean of getting liberated from all the bondages of 'Karma's'. He also said that a devotee of Lord Vishnu is the supreme among the devotees in the same way as Devarishi Narada among the Sages.

Nara-Narayana Avatar: Lord Vishnu took his fifth incarnation as sage Nara-Narayan by taking a birth from the womb of a woman named 'Kala'. He performed a tremendous penance by going to Badri and Kedar. He showed the importance Penance (Labour), and also that nothing can be achieved in this world without it.

Kapila Avatar: Lord Vishnu's Sixth incarnation was as sage Kapila. The objective of this incarnation was to compile all the divine knowledge that had been destroyed. He was the profounder of Sankhya Shastra (rationalism) which helped the Brahmins, who had forgotten their duties to rectify their mistakes. He also gave discourse to his own mother.

Dattatraya Avatar: Lord Vishnu's Seventh incarnation was as Dattatraya. He was born to Ansuya and his father was Sage Atri. He was the one who had given Spiritual Knowledge to King Alarka and Prahlada. He had twenty four teachers. He believed that in the world, a man can learn from each and every thing, so he accepted twenty-four objects like water, bird, air, an unmarried girl, and even a prostitute etc.

Yagya Avatar: Lord Vishnu in his eighth incarnation as Yagya was born to Prajapati and Akuti. He had rescued a 'Devagana' (celestial and supernatural being) named Yama and also the Manvantar named as 'Swayambhuva'. The main thrust of his teaching was based on the values of helpfulness and protecting each other during the time of crisis.

Rishab Avatar: Lord Vishnu in his ninth incarnation as  Rishabh Dev was born to king Nabhi and Marudevi. His mother Marudevi was the daughter of Indra. He attained that state of Paramhansa (an ascetic of highest order who has controlled his anger) which is an uphill task. He was given the title of 'Jin' which means a ' a knower'. His followers are known as Jains.

Prithu Avatar: Lord Vishnu in his tenth incarnation as 'Prithu' came into existence after the body of King 'Vena'. Lord Vishnu took this incarnation as per the wishes of the sages. The earth had concealed all the vegetation's within her and as a result the whole land had become barren. To protect the humanity, Lord Vishnu took incarnation as Prithu by milking the cow (earth). This is considered that as a very supreme incarnation, because the earth has remained full of vegetation's after that.

Dhanvantari Avatar: Lord Vishnu took his thirteenth incarnation as Dhanvantari. He manifested from the ocean holding a vessel filled with ambrosia. He was the profounder of medicinal science.

Mohini Avatar:  Lord Vishnu in his fourteenth incarnation as a most enchanting woman enchanted the demons by his beautiful appearance of a woman, and took away the pot filled up with ambrosia from them and gave it to the deities. The deities were thus protected from the demons.

In Another story Lord Vishnu in the Mohini Avatar gives birth to Lord Ayyappa swamy. For the complete story follow the link:

Hayagreeva Avatar: Once Lord Brahma becoming tired of his creative activities, wanted to rest. The night of the Brahma was approaching. Because of his tiredness Lord Brahma yawned. All the four Vedas came out from his opened mouth. A demon who used to live near him in disguise, abducted the Vedas. Lord Vishnu took his sixteenth incarnation as Hayagreeva to protect the Vedas. In this incarnation his face resembled that of a horse and the rest of his body resembled that of Sri Narayan with all of his four hands. He killed the demon and protected the Vedas.

Vyas Avatar: Lord Vishnu took his nineteenth incarnation as Sage Vyasa by taking birth from the womb of 'Satyavati'. His father was sage Parashar. He made the division of Veda, and made extension of its branches. He also wrote eighteen Mahapuranas and the Mahabharata.

Balaram Avatar:
Balrama is considered to be the twenty-first incarnation of Lord Vishnu. In this incarnation he killed Pralambasura the demon and he killed many more demons.

Birth of Lord Vishnu

             The Vedas say, Vishnu wasn’t born, from Vishnu, Brahma is born and in Maha Upanisad it is said that Lord Shiva was born from the forehead of the Supreme Lord. Thus the Vedas say that is the Supreme Lord, the Creator of Brahma and Shiva, who is to be worshiped.

           Narayanah paro devas, Tasmaj jatas caturmukhah
           Tasmad rudro ‘bhavad devah, Sa ca sarva-jnatam gath

“Narayan/Visnu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead and from him Brahma was born, from whom Shiva was born” .

Lord never left his devotees in difficulties, few known examples apart from Incarnations are:

Gajendra Moksha:

         Once upon a time there lived an elephant in deep forest Rtumata which was created by varuna. This forest was situated in the mountains of Trikuta in ancient India.  It is a devotee of Lord Vishnu. It fells thirsty on a day and goes in search of water. When Gajendra gets into the water, and it becomes a potential cause of his death. 

Gajendra and his herd of elephants have a good time enjoying the cool water when the crocodile suddenly attacks Gajendra and caughts him by leg. The struggle between elephant and crocodile lasts for several thousands of years. Gajendra tried for a long time to escape from the crocodile's clutches. All his family, relatives and friends gathered around to help him, but in vain. The crocodile wouldn't simply let go. When they realised that ‘death’ has come close to Gajendra, they left him alone. He trumpeted in pain and helplessness until he was hoarse. As the struggle was seemingly endless and when the last drop of energy was also sapped, Gajendra called to god Vishnu to save him with Gajendra sthuthi, holding a lotus up in the air as an offering.

Hearing to the devotees call, Lord Vishnu rushes to the scene leaving everything behind. On seeing the lord, that mighty elephant lifts the lotus with its trunk. Lord becomes angry and cuts the head of the crocodile with his sudarshana chakra. Lord explains that Gajendra is king Indradyumna, a vishnu devotee who gets cursed from sage agastya in its previous birth and the crocodile is Gandharva king HuHu who got cursed by sage Devala for pulling his leg while praying Lord Surya. Both of them gets MOKSHA from the lord.

Evolution theory in Dashavatar:

In the evolution chronology, life evolved in the waters and thus the first form of life is an aquatic animal i.e. the fish which is Matsya Avatar. Lord Vishnu took the form of a huge fish in his first Incarnation.

 This was followed by the form which could survive both in land and water, which is depicted through a turtle (kurma), which can survive both in land and water. In the Kurma incarnation Lord Vishnu takes the form of a great tortoise to support churning of the primordial ocean with the mountain, to beget the elixir of immortality. Evolution from Pisces to Amphibians is also what Darwin had proposed. Around the time amphibians evolved, tectonic movements and upheavals of great landmasses were recorded. The churning of the ocean can be seen to symbolise this movement giving rise to new landmasses. At the end of this massive upheaval of earth, mountain ranges such as the Himalayas, Andes, and the Alps were supposed to have come into existence. These mountains later made way for dense forests and rivers which became the source of survival of fast evolving species on earth.

Please note that Darwin’s theory had many intermediate stages of evolution, which is not found in the dashavatar. Instead of the stages of reptiles and birds from amphibians, the dashavatar straightaway evolves to the mammals from the stage of the amphibians giving us the nest avatar of Varaha, the wild boar. In the Varaha avatar Lord Vishnu is seen fighting and eliminating the demon in the oceans, to rescue the abducted land maiden (Bhu-devi) for the benefit of people.

Many scholars have found strange coincidence with the scientific finding that more than about 70 million years ago, the Indian land mass had torn itself from the Antarctic and moved north to join the Eurasian land mass, thus lifting up the Himalayan fold mountains. The tropical forests of the western Himalayan ranges, fed by the great river systems of Indus and Ganges later facilitated the evolution of pre-human species. They further surmise that the conquest of the demon by a wild boar could symbolically signify the end of dominance of giant reptiles (dinosaurs?) and the emergence of mammals as the leaders of life forms.

Once the mammal had evolved, the next stage of evolution was a form of human beings who resembled animals both in looks and in behaviour. This takes us the next avatar of Narasimha, where Lord Vishnu is described as a form of half lion and half man.

From this stage was evolved a slightly smarter and intelligent species of mammals, i.e. the monkey clan who were short but intelligent. This brings us to the next avatar, of the Vamana avatar (the dwarf man).

The first five avatars are the symbols of Darwin’s biological evolution theory. The sequence may well represent the forms of fishes, amphibians (reptiles), mammals, advanced primates (hominids) and finally the thinking man respectively. If we look deep and go through the stories in details, they all give hints of the physical evolution of man. However, the next five avatars show the cultural evolution of man.

Incarnations of Lord Vishnu will be published in my next articles


  1. A good observation is drawn in comparing the human evolution and Dasavatharams. I feel that our Puranas speak symbolically and indicatively. One has to read between the lines to understand the spiritual meaning of the otherwise normal looking story. Even the names of the Gods, Rakshasas, other characters have specific literal meanings depicting their respective nature. Interestingly I have come across an interpretation stating that the Dasavatharas are indicative of the nine different stages of transformation of the fetus in mother's womb before the birth is taken which is the tenth stage . ,Dasavathara. A good effort has been made by you, Bharat. Please continue. God bless you. Koteswara Rao .

  2. Thanks for your compliments Peddamama.. I will come up with more such new articles.

  3. hi i want anyone to answer one question of mine.. please .. why is it so that after marriage before touching wife one should go through satyanarayan pooja.. please give me valuable answer . i want to know the reason of it

    thanks in advance.

  4. Nice blog.Praying Lord Vishnu as Kurma provides strength and stability and Lord Kurma protects the individual from all sorts of troubles, be it long term miseries and menace of bad karma.Read More