Thursday, 25 July 2013

Indian Tigers

As the national animal of India and Bangladesh, tiger symbolizes India’s wildlife wealth. It is a combination of grace, strength, agility, royalty, enormous power and hence given great respect and high esteem. It is the third largest land carnivore( behind polar bear and brown bear).

 Out of the eight races of the species known, the Indian race, the Royal Bengal Tiger is found throughout the country (except the north-western region) and also in the neighboring countries like Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh.

Tiger is scientifically known as Panthera tigris. It is a member of the Felidae family and the largest of the four ‘big cats’ of the Panthera genus. The Panthera tigris is a native of the eastern and southern Asia.

On an average, a tiger is about 11 feet in length and 300 kilograms in weight. The pattern of dark vertical stripes that overlay near-white to reddish-orange fur is the distinct recognition of a tiger. By nature, the tiger is a keen predator and carnivore. It has a life span of 20 to 26 years. The size of tiger is much bigger in the areas of sunderban and the Himalayan region.


Tiger have muscular bodies with powerful forelimbs and large head. The small rounded ears have black markings on the back, surrounding a white spot. These spots are called as ocelli, which play an vital role in intraspecific communication. 

The pattern of stripes are unique and used to identify them individually by researchers. Tigresses are smaller than the males in each subspecies. Structure of lower jaw is used as indicator of species.
Subspecies of tiger are about nine and three among them are extinct and are as below:-
·         Royal Bengal Tiger ( Indian Tiger)

·         Indochinese Tiger ( Corbett’s Tiger)
·         Malayan Tiger
·         Sumatran Tiger
·         Siberian Tiger
·         South china Tiger

Extinct Subspecies:-
·         Bali Tiger
·         Caspian Tiger
·         Javan Tiger
·         White Tiger and Golden Tiger are some examples of the recessive gene creations

Tiger now an another species of animal ready for extinction and our government has established 23 reserves in India to preserve our national animal. There is a steep fall in the population of tigers in the world. 

Due to illegal smuggling of Tiger Skin and other body parts, there are very few tigers left in the world today. According to the World Census of Tigers, there are only 5000 -7000 tigers in the world today.

 Out of which, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar claim to have a population of 3000 to 4500 and India alone claims to have a population of 2500 to 3750. 

Tiger might be ferocious yet it is afraid of humans and begs for the survival of its race.


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