Monday, 29 July 2013

Dwaraka -- "The city of Gold"




             Dwaraka- the city of gold a sacred place ruled by Lord Shri Krishna, named after the meaning “many gated[city]” in sanskrit sub merged by the Arabian Sea 3,500 years ago. It is mentioned in many Sanskrit epics including the Mahabharat, Harivansha, Bhagavat puranam, skanda puraanam and the Vishnu Puraanam. It is one among the seven holy cities(Ayodhya, Mathura, Maya, Kasi, Kanchi, Avanthika, Puri, Dvaravati) of India. It is also one of the holiest cities in Hinduism and one of the char dham along with ShriBadrinath, Shri Jagannath Puri, Shri Rameshwaram. It is located in the Jamnagar district of Gujarat state. The city lies in the westernmost part of India. The city is relatively flat region at sea level, having an average elevation of 0 metres.




            Everyone has tried to understand Lord Krishna in his own way, according to his spiritual light or vision. The Yogis considered Lord Krishna to be the absolute truth, the Gopikas the highest object of love, the warriors as an ideal hero, Kamsa as an object of fear and Sisupala as an object of hate. The divine love of Radha Krishna is an example till today for Love.






Dwarakadish temple:- This temple is built by king vajra the grand son of Lord Krishna in 6th century. It is a five storied temple. There are two gate-ways , one is Swarga dwar where piligrims enter and exit through Moksha Dwar. From the temple a view of sangam(confluence) of Gomathi river flowing towards the sea. In Dwarka, there are also shrines for Vasudeva, Devaki, Balarama and Revathi, Subhadra, rukmini, Jambavathi and Satyabhama devi.
 Nageshwara Jyotirlinga one of the 12 holy shrines of shiva, is located near Dwaraka.




Dwaraka city was built by Vishwakarma, the architect of demigods on the order of Lord Krishna at a site selected by the divine Eagle Garuda. The divine architect wanted to reclaim some land from the sea and the task could be completed only if Samudra deva, the lord of sea accepts to his proposal. Lord Krishna worshipped samudra deva, who gave them land measuring 12 yojanas and the Vishwakarma built dwaraka, a city of gold.


            It had six well-organized sectors, residential and commercial zones, wide roads, plazas, palaces and many public utilities. A hall called "Sudharma Sabha" was built to hold public meetings. The city also boasted having the possession of a good sea harbour. The city had 700,000 palaces made of gold, silver and other precious stones. Each one of Lord Krishna's wives had her own palace. Besides this, the city had beautiful gardens filled with flowers of all seasons and beautiful lakes.





Short Story of Lord Krishna :)



As per the Hindu Mythology, Lord Krishna is born as the eight incarnation of the supreme god Shri Maha Vishnu.Kamsa the king of Mathura knowing of the fact that he is going to get killed by the child of his sister prisons them and kills the newly born babies. when Lord Krishna is born in prison his father Vasudev escape him to Repalley by crossing the Yamuna river overnight. 


Knowing about this Kamsa sends various demons to kill him continuously. Lord Krishna's childhood is completely filled with his mother Yashodas love.


In childhood only Lord krishna kills many demons and shows many magical powers to his people.He also gives vimukthi to the cursed Gandharvas( Nalkubera and Manigriva) by emerging out of the trees As Krishna lives in Mathura his people used to suffer due to demons.


 He protects his people from the serpentine Kaliya which lives in Yamuna river. Later on the request of the serpentine wives leaves it on mercy and orders to live in sea.


When he grows young he learns all the Dharmaneethi near his guru Sandipani.Later  Krishna kills kamsa and becomes the king of Mathura.

 Jarasandh, the king of Magadh had emerged as the most powerful and ambitious king of the time. Since Lord Krishna is a very strong opponent to him he decides to target the Yadavas and launches a series of raids on them. Lord Krishna thinks to wait for the end of  Jarasandh till Mahabharat War and as a first task thought a way to secure his countrymen. Hence they build a city near to the Western Coast of India which is Dwaraka and the people are moved to a place far beyond the reach of Jarasandh. 


Lord Krishna Stands on the side of Pandavas during Mahabharath war without weapon and plays a vital role as the rider(saradhi) of Arjuna. He consoles him when he drops his Bow and Arrow showing his inefficiency to fight his elders, teaches the Bhagavadgita to him.


 After the defeat of kauravas , lord krishna makes Dharmaraj as king and leaves to dwaraka.

Later the people of Krishna insults a sage who has powers to predict and say the gender of the child to whom a pregnant gives birth. One of them named Sambudu acts as a pregnant and asks him for the prediction when sage curses them that he will give birth to a log(musalam). Lord Krishna knowing of this curse advices the people to rub it till last piece as it will be a threat to their race. As cursed the yadava give birth to a log and people of dwaraka starts rubbing at the sea shore, they neglects a small piece of the log. A hunter carries the remains of log with him making an arrow out of it. Lord Krishna sleeps in a yard when this hunter aims at his leg thinking it as a deer. Lord Krishna’s life is in the little finger of his leg and when it is hit he too completes his avatar and the powerful dark bodied kali Age descended. This story is given at Puri Jagannath Article.

After Krishna left the earth for Vaikuntam, the major Yadava leaders were killed in disputes among them and Balaram also sacrifices himself through yoga when the serpentine makes its journey towards the sea. Arjuna went to Dwaraka to bring Krishna’s grandsons and Yadava wives to Hastinapur for safety. Dwaraka being submerged  was witnessed by Arjun of the pandavas as per the Mahabharath’s Musal Parva.



Nidarshanam



Dwarka was attacked on the night of 7th sep 1965 by Pakistan Navy under Operation Dwarka. Pakistani vessels fired over the main temple of Dwarka for more than 20 minutes. The ships fired around 50 shells each. Interesting thing is nearly all shells remained unexploded.

The first clear historical record is dated 574 A.D. and occurs in the Palitana Plates of Samanta Simhaditya. This inscription refers to Dwaraka as the capital of the western coast of Saurashtra and still more important, states that Sri Krishna lived here.

The establishment of one of the four of his pithas at Dwaraka by Sankaracharya attests to the great religious sanctity the place must have attained by the eighth century A.D. 





Underwater Exploration



The first name we remember while discussing about the exploration of Dwarka, the city of gold is Dr.S.R.Rao. He took and extensive search for the submerged city along the coast from 1984-88 and finally succeeded in finding it out. From the structural remains in Dwarka and Bet Dwarka waters, it is possible to visualize that the city ports were large and well planned.

The reason for the dwarka city being submerged is explained comparing with the recent years experience where we have seen the catastrophic submarine earthquakes. They don’t affect the land directly but lead to huge waves that are meters tall and are capable of wiping out the cities in minutes just as described by Arjun of Pandavas about dwarka.





From the side of science Dr.S.R.Rao, the research head of the Dwarka stated –“ The findings in Dwarka and archeological evidence found are compatible with the Mahabharath tradition and removes the lingering doubt about the historicity of Mabharat. We would say that Krishna definitely Existed” .





        **Om Namo Krishna Namo Krishna- Krishna Krishna Namo Namo**


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