Wednesday, 29 May 2013

Mighty Himalayas

                India is a peninsular state”- A line which remembers me of my first day in social (Geography) class. Myself, Neither remembered that social more than this line nor expected a day where I chose to write an article starting with that. It means India is surrounded by water on 3 sides and land on one side making it a sub-continent. Himalayas cover the Northern border of India.


                                  MouNt EveResT

Himalayas are the mountain range in asia seperating the India from Tibetan plateau. It have the highest peak’s including the Mount Everest which have an Elevation of 8848m covering an area of 1,089,133 km x km. Some more Mountains of Himalayas are Kanchenjunga- 3rd highest in world with 8,586m , Mount Kailash- 6,638m acting as the source of major and longest rivers- Brahmaputra, Ganges, Indus in asia. There are over a hundered mountains which exceeds 23,600 feet in height and about 15,000 glaciers with 3000 cubic miles of fresh water including Gangotri, Yamunotri. Himalayan region is with hundreds of beautiful lakes.


                                            Mount kAnchEnjunGa

Manasa Sarovar is a fresh water Lake located towards the north of Mount Kailash. It is the mark of purity and is believed that the one who drinks water from lake will go to the Adobe of Shiva after death. It is also believed that all the sins are cleansed once after having that pure water. Hindus say the lake was first created in the mind of the Lord Brahma after which it was manifested on Earth. Hence it is named as Manasa(Mind) Sarovar(Lake).


                                                     Mount Kailash- Manasa Sarovar


Myth Behind:-
Himavantha story:-
Smartly/shortly:- JHimavanth is the king of himalayas and God of snow. He is the father of Ganga and Saraswati, also Parvathi Goddess wife of Lord Shiva. King and his Queen Menadevi were the devotees of Lord Shiva. Meenadevi performs tapasya to please Sati devi, wife of Shiva and gets a wish “Shri Gowri Should take birth as her daughter”.Fulfilling the wish Goddess gowri takes birth as Parvathi and marries Lord Shiva.


Brief Story:-  Sati was born as a daughter of King Daksha Prajapati and his wife prasuti. King Daksh is son of Lord Brahma. From the childhood Sati loves Lord shiva upon listening to his adorable stories and legends. Hence to gain him as husband Sati leaves the kingdom, all luxuries and prays to lord shiva. Mighty God accepts her as bride and knowing this Daksh never accepts their marriage. He cuts his daughter away from his family.



                Sati lives with Lord Shiva at kailash happily. One day King Daksh wants to prove himself more powerful than Lord shiva and also to insult Lord Shiva.Hence he conducts a yagna for which he invites all gods except Lord Shiva and his daughter Sati. Sati knowing of this Yagna wish to visit her parents when lord shiva asks to do on her wish if she really wants to make a visit without invitation. Sati visits her parents and her father Daksh abuses Lord shiva in many ways. Sati realizes that Lord Shiva is being insulted only for a reason of marrying her. Unable to accept it as a wife of mighty Lord wishes to take birth again as a daughter of a person who really honors his husband and invokes the Yogagni,immolates herself.


                Lord Shiva knowing of the things happened to Sati becomes very anger and Sad. He out of anger performs Shiva thandava, creates Veerabadhra and Manbadhra to destroy and kill the entire crew of Daksh. All those who are present there were indiscriminately felled overnight. Lord Shiva never forgets Sati and becomes mad for her love.
Behind the above story, another story runs- which is the king himavath and his queen Meena Devi prays Sati to take birth as their daughter which Sati fulfills now by taking birth as Parvathi thereby also fulfills her last wish of taking birth to parents who respect and honor his husband.


Lord Shiva who is very sad on the death of his wife goes into deep meditation and never knew when Parvati grows up. To bring the mighty lord into this world one more time parvathi worships him all the time. Lord decides himself to test her, takes the form of a young brahmin and tells parvathi not to worship or marry shiva as he lives like a beggar and lives in burial grounds. Parvathi gets angry on him and says she will marry only Lord shiva if she marries. Getting pleased with her answer Lord Shiva comes to his original form and agrees to marry Parvathi. Himavantha performed  the wedding with great splendour.


Lord shiva makes his wife as half in him and becomes ArdhaNareeshwar.

Tuesday, 21 May 2013

Marriage

India is a Vedic Land with Ancient Traditions. It have a great significance to the tradition of Marriage. In the flow of life we always forget what stages are passed. Among them Marriage is one. It is a stage where life is really defined. In detail Grahastha ashram  the second of four stages in life begins when a Man and woman marry, starting a Household. People never understand how two unknown persons live together for a life time with a small relation. I always say, the greatness of being together for a life goes to the people marrying with a oath and not to the event.  There is a saying that Marriages are made in Heaven, indeed its true.


Marriage is an important Hindu Samskaram, The literary expression of marriage cermonies are found in Rigvedam and Atharvavedam. Marriage is considered as sacrifice and one who did not enter the married life was called “one without sacrifice”. The Taittiriya Brahmana says,”He, indeed, is without sacrifice who has got no wife” adding “ He is himself a half man, the second half is wife”





The Manusmritis( Laws of manu) have recognized 8 methods of marriages in the Vedic period, They are
1.Brahma:- Father of the bride invites a man learned in the Vedas and a good conduct, and gives his daughter in marriage to him after decking her with jewels and costly garments.



2. Daiva:- Daughter is groomed with ornaments and given to a priest who duly officiates at a sacrifice during the course of its performance of this rite.
3. Arsha:- Father gives away his daughter after receiving a cow and a bull from the brightgroom.
4.Gandharva:- The voluntary union of a maiden and her lover, which arises from desire and sexual intercourse for its purpose.
5.Rakshasa:- Forcible abduction of a maiden from her home after her kinsmen have been slain or wounded and their houses broken open.
6.Prajapatya:- Father gives away his daugher after blessing the couple with the text "May both of you perform together your duties"
7. Asura :- when the bridegroom receives a maiden after bestowing wealth to the kinsmen and to the bride according to his own will.
8. Paisacha:- when a man by stealth seduces a girl who is sleeping or intoxicated or is mentally disbalanced or handicapped.
 We being Human refer only to two among them – Brahma and Asura. Marriages arranged by parents are also contemplated. However, the institution of svayamvara where the bridegroom has to fulfill certain conditions of expertise, strength, power, knowledge etc., is to be fulfilled as prescribed by the parents of the bride, before finally getting married.



                    In every samkalpa we say "Dharma, artha,, kama, moksha, cathur vidha phala purusharta siddharthyam.  I want to do my duty, I want to earn money, I want to fulfill my desires, and I want to be liberated.  These are the four basic desires that everyone has.  So dharma is defined as giving the spark of life which have received from your father and mother, and pass on that life to a new life.




                    The bride groom recites the passages which mean I ............. to perform the Purushartha of the human life in this form am taking or accepting ........as my wife. She is already offered to the cosmic mind and cosmic will and to the eternal truth.  (meaning this marriage is only to the continuation of the evolution.)

I will not tress pass her in the performance of Dharma - all such facts that aid the evolution,

Artha-all acts that allows to create utilities of life,( money, earning is one such act that creates the utilities of the life, and the artha is not merely money or paper currency) and Kama- all such desires that come across in the life of us.( the Kama in the purview of the Sages is not only sex but the whole
range of the desires.)

Dharma ca arthe ca kame ca nathi charami.

                    Here the MOKSHA is deliberately omitted by the sages. The reason is the intention of the salvation from the bonds of the life is dependent on the past karma of the soul. Either husband or wife depending on the past karma can achieve the salvation at their ownpace. In case of Meera Bai it is the wife who achieved the salvation and in case of Ramanuja or Tukaram it is the Husband who achieved the salvation first.

Vedic Marriage consists of different parts:
1.       Nandi:- getting Started.




2.       Nischitartha:- Confirming the Alliance.



3.       Ankurarpana:- Creation of Alliance by lightning the Yagna Fire.

4.       Homam:- Fire is believed to be the pure and spiritual in the world. Hence, the idea is to make all oaths in a purest way in a delightful environment of Homam burning with fragrant herbs and ghee.

5.       Snathakam:- This ritual is performed at the bridegroom's house before the muhurtam. It is a sort of thread ceremony that involves making him wear a silver thread on his body.

6.       Upanayanam:- According to the Vedic Age, school going is for both the boy and girl. Hence Upanayanam is to be performed for both of them.

7.       Kasi yathra:- ashi Yatra is a unique custom performed where the groom will wear old slippers,old umbrella,2 big rings[ which is made up of rice flour] to the ear and hold stick in the hand. Kashi Yatra is symbolic.It gives the option to groom to leave the worldly treasures and lead the life of an ascetic or get married and become a householder. Usually bride's brother intercepts groom from leaving the Grahasth Ashram and brings him back.


8.       Kanya danam:- It is an important part of the marriage ceremony in which the bride’s (Virgin Girl) parents give her away to the groom by entrusting her to the bridegroom.


9.       Pani grahanam:- The parents of the bride offer her hand in marriage to the groom and officially request him to accept her as his bride. At one time, this might have been the first time the couple may have physically "touched" each other.



10.   Sapthapadi:- Seven vows are given by both Bride and Groom.

Groom:
You will offer me food and be helpful in every way. I will cherish you and provide welfare and happiness for you and our children.
Bride:
I am responsible for the home and all household responsibilities.

Groom:
Together we will protect our house and children.
Bride:
I will be by your side as your courage and strength. I will rejoice in your happiness. In return, you will love me solely.

Groom:
May we grow wealthy and prosperous and strive for the education of our children. May our children live long.
Bride:
I will love you solely for the rest of my life, as you are my husband. Every other man in my life will be secondary. I vow to remain chaste.

Groom:
You have brought sacredness into my life, and have completed me. May we be blessed with noble and obedient children.
Bride:
I will shower you with joy, from head to toe. I will strive to please you in every way I can.

Groom: You are my best friend, and staunchest well-wisher. You have come into my life, enriching it. God bless you.
Bride:
I promise to love and cherish you for as long as I live. Your happiness is my happiness, and your sorrow is my sorrow. I will trust and honor you, and will strive to fulfill all your wishes.

Groom:
May you be filled with joy and peace.
Bride:
I will always be by your side.

Groom:
We are now husband and wife, and are one. You are mine and I am yours for eternity.
Bride:
As God is witness, I am now your wife. We will love, honor and cherish each other forever.

 
11.   Mangala Sutra dharana:- Mangalasutra Symbolizes the inseparable bond between a husband and a wife. Groom ties three knots to the neck of the bride uttering-“ May you live long by wearing this sacred mangalasutra, the reason of my life.” The first knot represents her obedience to her husband, the second to his parents and the third represents her respect for god.



12.   Talambralu:- Bride and Groom put Talambralu (Akshatalu) on each other. The bride and the groom shower one another with pearls & talambralu (rice mixed with saffron & turmeric). This denotes the couple’s desire for happiness, enjoyment and contentment.



13.   Arundathi darshanam:- Arundhathi Darshana is the showing of the Saptha Rishi Mandala and the small star Arundhathi underneath the star of Vashistha. These seven sages and their families are the originators of the Vedic Lore of the Hindus. In memoriam of these great sages the seven stars in the Great Bear constellation are named after them. The significance of this ritual is to remind the couple of the cosmic responsibilities they have to fulfill.

14.   Grihapravesam:- Every event in the celebrations of Hindu Bharat Matrimony has its own importance. Now with the completion of matrimony formalities, the next one is Griha Pravesh, meaning entering in new home. A big welcome is accorded to the couple when they enter the home. Mother-in-Law is the first one to embrace daughter-in-law and son and perform other religious formalities before they step in the home. On the occasion of Griha Pravesh, Groom is at her side to give her confidence. He consoles her and says that she is the queen of the house and has the same rights here as other members of the family. In Hinduism a woman occupies a high place in society and is given love and high respect. Her happiness at Griha Pravesh brings prosperity and good luck to the family.

15.   AppaGinthalu:- It refers to handing over the daughter to the groom after the marriage ceremony is over. Bride moves away with the Groom as per the custom.



16.   Sobhanamu:- It is the Nuptials arranged by the parents of the bride in their residence first and in the residence of the groom next. This is the starting of the enjoyment of the joy of the sex as learned in the Gurukula  by reading the Kama sastra and implementing it in a socially acceptable way for the joy and the bliss and for the progeny of the race.

17.   Garbhadanam:- Gharbhadanamu is the act of sex for the progeny. This is set on the day that is neutral from the cosmic influences like the moons gravity and the suns gravity or other disturbances to create the foetus for the Jiva to enter in to the Womb of the mother to take the birth to perform his cycle of karma and to make the parents to fulfil the cycle of the karma.

Marriage is considered as one of the best occasion in life as any one enters a new life celebrating with the blessings of elders, smiles of family members, teasers of friends. Countries across the world respect our tradition and ancient customs.

 In olden days it was about seven days to complete the marriage. But, In the modern days – (our computer age) it became so fancy that no one finds time to celebrate their precious moments. Yet, its significance has never been low in our minds and that’s the power of our Veda Bhoomi.

Thursday, 16 May 2013

Temple Science

I always wonder how science was under existence to our Ancestors in those olden days itself. They have built “Pushpak Viman” before our wright brothers, they used “telepathy” before our Grahambell, they used Nuclear heads “Brahmastras” before our Innovations in Nuclear Science ,Televisions used by Vidura to explain the war in Mahabaratha to Drutharastra...etc., when I always ask myself a question HOW??. I always have  no answer to their scientifc approach in those days . My Interest on science behind our Ancestors work made me to work on few concepts like temple science as below. It may be short ,yet worthy.





Our Ancestors worshipped a formless state – NIRAKARA UPASANA since origin of life. Our sages and seers originated the practice of meditating on a physical form using pure science to build temples. Everything our ancestors did have a meaning and it is symbolic.
Indian temples have a greater significance. Though they were  thousands of temples, only few of them  got the vedic Importance. Our Saints consider only the temples constructed with rules defined in the Vasthu Shastra- a branch of science with which harmony is maintained between Universal governing force and the structure itself, hence they are more famous.They are built to a complex calculation involving physical and metaphysical elements.Hindu temples act as bridges linking both science and philosophy.




Ancient temples were built not as places for prayer, but as a vortex of energy where people could transform themselves in a deeper way. A small  example defined by our ancient customs is we need to sit inside the temple before coming out, otherwise the visit to the temple is considered as fruitless. It is so defined because, temples were built like a public charging places, by which people could charge themselves with an inner energy.

Temple science:-
Everything defined to do by our ancestors is science. Few observations on the activities we perform at temple shall provide us the knowledge on it.
Choosing Locations:- Temples are Located strategically at a place where the positive energy is abundantly available from the magnetic and electrical wave distributions of north/south pole thrust.
Moolasthanam(Garbhagriha):- This construction is as per the “Agama” texts of Hindu Religion. Idol is placed at the core centre of the temple  and it is where  earth’s magnetic waves are found to be maximum.There is a relation between size of idol and size of the Garbhagriha. In  Scientific approach the air inside resonates with maximum amplitude to the “ OM”( Beeja Mantra).




Abhisekham:-  Dry stones have high electrical resistance and very little conductivity, this shows that repeated Abhisekham, Archana are essential to keep the electric charges in Garbhagriha. Hence abhishekam is done with kumkum,turmeric,sandal water,milk,etc which have high PH value and also high negative ion concentration. Negative ions are essential to fix the oxygen with haemoglobin. These negative ions are more at seashores,waterfalls and on Mountain peaks. Hence our Ancestors has chosen those areas to build some of our famous temples Tirupathi,Rameshwaram,kanyakumari.
Yantras:- yantras or sri-chakras kept under the idol act as capacitors of electrical charges. They are made of copper, inscribed with vedic scripts. This copper plate absorbs earths magnetic waves and radiates it to the surroundings.
Pradakshinam:- When a person regularly visits temple and walks clockwise around the Main Idol, he recieves the beamed magnetic waves and his body absorbs it. On a regular visit he gains more positive energy through this and it is all required for a healthy life.
Sanctum Structure:- It is closed on 3 sides increasing the effect of energy. Idol is always placed first before building the temple. It is the center of all forces.
Theertham:- This holy water is shared to the devotees in 3 spoons. It got a high medicinal value,  it is infact collected when idol is washed with water. Here water is charged with the magnetic radiations of idol.
Mantras:- Mantras are the sound of different frequencies and meters in permutation and combination that are evolved from vocal chords. Our body is considered as yanthra, the technique with which sound is evolved is tanthra and the sound is mantra. The vibrations caused due to sound is of different frequencies and meter correspond to the different dieties.

Monday, 13 May 2013

Akshaya Tritiya



                         Akshaya Tritiya is well known for only Purchasing Gold now a days. But there is something behind it which made this day so auspicious. It is the Birthday of Lord Parashuram the sixth avatar of Shri Maha Vishnu also It was the same day when Veda Vyas started dictating and Lord Ganesha had started writing Sri Maha Bharatham. Hence, it became a belief that any new venture initiated on this day continues to grow and bring prosperity.












                        On this day, Hindu's worship Vaibhav Lakshmi with Shree Maha Vishnu for happy and prosperous life. Akshaya Tritiya falls on the third tithi(Lunar day) of sukla paksha vaisakham. In Sanskrit, The word Akshaya means "never diminishing", that is why this day is considered as it brings good luck and Success.





                      Adi Shankaracharya recited the Kanaka Dhara Stotr on this day for the sake of the poor couple at whose house he stopped for Biksha on the day and was offered the only available gooseberry in the house.

Myths:-

                    On this day Kubera received his wealth and position as custodian of wealth and property along with Goddess Lakshmi by praying to Lord Shiva at Shivapuram. According to Hindu Mythology, Treta Yugam started on this day and also River Ganga descended to Earth from Heaven from the prayers of King Bhageeradha.






                     During the time of MahaBaratha, when the pandavas were in exile, Lord Shri Krishna presented them with Akshaya Patra a bowl which would never go empty and produce an unlimited supply of food on demand.

Astrological Significance:-

On this day Both Sun and Moon are believed to be of most exalted equal brightness. Akshaya Tritiya falling on a Rohini star and Monday as week day is considered more auspicious.

Friday, 10 May 2013

Arasavalli- Sun God Temple

Arasavalli is the only sun god ( Surya Narayana swamy)temple in INDIA. Though there is one more temple in Konark, it is considered as the temple which didn’t complete its construction. Arasavalli is located in Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh.






This temple is known as Panchayatana temple with Lord Aditya in the centre and with Lord Ganesh, Shiva, parvathi, Vishnu in the four corners of the Quadrangle. Lord Surya’s idol in all its great splendor-and clad in golden colored angavastra. Crown studded with rare diamonds, hands with ‘Abhaya Mudra’ wide open eyes filled with karuna, ear-rings, studded with diamonds, grave and graceful face. His very Darshan assures fulfillment of all desires in the world. King Devendra Varma of the Kalinga kingdom has built it in the 7th century AD.The very temple was conceived and constructed by Viswakarma, the divine architect. An image of Indra is also enshrined in this temple.

At the base of the idols are the figures of Mathara and Pingala the Dwarapalakas, high up are the two divine saints sanaka,sanadana holding the Umberella. The sun god is depicted as riding over a chariot with seven horses drawn by Anura, the Rathasarathy. All these figures are exquisitely carved out of a single black finely polished granite stone.  






This temple is built in such a way as to make the sunrays focus on the feet of God twice in an year during the months of March and September during the early hours of the day. The sun rays are so focused on the feet of idol through the five entrance gates of the temple remain for a few minutes.

Rathasaptami is the most important festival celebrated in temple. On this day it is believed that the country goes into light from darkness every year. The winter season ceases & Spring season starts. Science says Our human bodies meet a chemical reaction with the sun rays and we become healthy. Myth logically it is said to be sun god’s birthday. It is also said that the temple is with full of special sun rays and vibrations and the people who visit it are blessed with health and wealth.

Ratha Saptami falls on the following days in the respective years:
2013: February 17
2012: Monday, January 30
2011: Thursday, January 10
2010: Friday, January 22
2009: Wednesday, February 2
2008: Wednesday, February 13
2007: Tuesday, January 25
2006: Saturday, February 4
2004: Wednesday, January 28
           
Significance of Sun God:-

Sun god is the only visible god. It is believed that in his daily round over the universe he sees everything physically and understands the truth in everyone’s life. The people who perform Suryanamaskara resite Maha Soura and Aruna Mantras containing powerful beejaksharas of rigvedam and Yajurvedam for giving good health, and that’s why it is known as Arogyam Bhaskaradhischet. The mantra is a spiritual formula hormonating sound which always protects the register in every way. Sunday is considered as the most auspicious day to Sun God Worship.        




   
People who are unfortunate with diseases from eye and skin visit the temple and offer their prayers to sungod.

Myth

Myth Behind the temple is once Lord Indra, the king of Gods has tried to enter forcefully for darshan of Sri Rudrakoteswara Swamy at an untimely hour. The Dwarakapalaka Nandi kicks and Injures Lord Indra. Injured by the Divine attendant he fells down senseless, when he dreamt that he would be relieved of his pain, if he built a temple and installed a idol of the sun god. After becoming conscious he remembers the dream and builds a beautiful idol of sun god, along with the 3 consorts Usha, Chaya and Padmini with 3 handfuls of  Earth. He also constructed a beautiful temple where he fells.

Lord Indra dug a pond, which is known as Indrapushkarini with his Vajrayudam. Even today Devotees feel that they can attain the Grace of Lord Surya if they offer their prayers after taking a dip in the pushkarini.




Sthalapuranam says Balarama, brother of Lord Krishna dug Earth with his Plough and brought the river nagavali along with him.

Sunday, 5 May 2013

Kanipakam-Vinayaka Temple

                Today I wish to start writing about the temples in India and took a chance to write about Shri kanipakam vara siddhi vinayaka temple. Lord vinayaka is also known as Ganesh, Vigneshwar. He is widely revered as the Remover of Obstacles. Kanipakam vinayaka temple is one of the famous temples in INDIA.”Kani “ means wetland and “pakam” means flow of water into wetlands.This temple is constructed in 11th Century at Chittor district of Andhra Pradesh by the Chola dynasty king Kulothunga Chola 1.  It is on the side of a small village on the bank of Bahuda river.The Swayambhu idol of kanipakam has a great significance in history.








Origin:-
The story of it starts here, Once upon a time there were three brothers- they are dumb,deaf and blind. They are cultivating the land there and one day they noticed that the water in well got dried up and they can no longer continue their work. They started digging inside the well. He suddenly hit a  stone with the iron implement and blood started oozing out from the stone and in no time entire water in the well turned to blood red in color. They recognized it as the Swayambhu idol of Lord vinayaka emerged from the swirling waters. The Holy water from the well overflows through channels in these days also.It is offered as Theertam to the devotees. The AMAZING feature of it is still growing in size, earlier only face was visible and now abdomen and knees. Infact every part of Lord Vignesh signifies us a teaching.






There is a legend on the river that is flowing besides the temple. Once there lived two brothers Sankha and Likhita who were on their way, to pilgrimage, to Kanipakam. As the journey was tiring, the younger brother Likhita felt hungry and he plucked a mango from a mango grove in which they were resting, much against his brother's wish. Sankha felt bad, reported this to the ruler of that area, and pleaded for punishment for the sin committed by his brother during the pilgrimage. Thus, Likhita was punished severely being deprived of both his arms. Further on their journey, they took bath in the river near Kanipakam temple and were astounded to see the chopped arms of Likhita were restored as soon as they took a dip in holy water. This incident spread like fire and the river was named as 'Bahuda', meaning 'Human arm'. Thus the river beside Kanipakam temple is known as 'Bahuda River'
Significance:-
Shri kanipakam vara siddhi vinayaka temple has significance for the up-holder of truth.Disputes between people are solved by taking a special oath. The accused in the dispute are made to take a dip in the Pushkarini and swear before the lord. There are instances when the person who comitted sins agrees voluntarily after having a dip in temple water. It is said that the lord makes the sinner repent and feel guilty for his sinful deeds.

Festival days:-
Brahmotsawam is held in every year.  It starts from Vinayaka chaviti and goes for about 20days. The Utsava vigraham is carried out across the town in different Vahana’s. All the days there will be different  Appearances of God. Dwagarohanam,Gramotsawam, Hamsa vahanam, Peacock vahanam, Mooshika Vahanam,Shasha vahanam,Vrishaba vahanam,gajavahanam,rathotsawam,Thiru kalyanam and vadayathu Utsawam.
Utsavas performed:  Adhikara Nandi vahanam, Ravana Brahma, yali vahanam,Surya Prabha, Chandra prabha, kamadhenu vahanam,poling seva,Kalpavriksha vahanam,pushpa pallaki and Vimanotsavam.

Athadu-నీతో చెప్పనా



                                             
   

నీతో చెప్పనా నీక్కూడా తెలిసినా..
నువ్వెంతగా రెచ్చిపోతే అంత సరదా తెలుసునా
గారం చేసినా...నయగారం చూపినా...
కనికారమే కలుగుతుంది కష్ఠపడకే కాంచనా...
నేనే నేనుగా....లేనే లేనుగా....
నా కన్నులా...నీదే వెన్నెలా...ఓఓ



ఇంకొంచెం అనుకున్నా ఇకచాల్లే అన్నానా...
వదలమంటే ఏమిటర్ధం వదిలి పొమ్మనా..
పనిమాలా పైపైనా పడతానే పసికూనా..
ముద్దు మీరుతున్న పంతం
హద్దులోన ఆపనా
మగువ మనసు తెలిసేనా మగజాతికీ
మొగలి మొనలు తగిలేనా..
లేత సోయగానికి కూత దేనికి..

ఒదిగున్నా ఒరలోన కదిలించకే కుర్రదానా...
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Friday, 3 May 2013

Indian Upanishad's








Upanishads are collection of philosophical texts which form the theory basis for Hindu religion. They are the end part of the Vedas which briefly expound the philosophic principles of Vedas. This is also known as Vedanta. The term Upanishad literally means  “ sitting down near” and implies listening closely to the mystic doctrines of a guru or a spiritual teacher who has cognized the fundamental truths of the universe. It points to a period when group of pupil used to sit near a teacher and learnt the secret teachings in ashrams. Upanishad also means “ Brahma Knowledge” by which ignorance is annihilated.








                                                     

                                                       Birth of Upanishads

All the fundamental teachings that are central to Hinduism – The concepts of ‘Karma’ (Action), ‘Samsara’ ( Reincarnation), ‘Moksha’ ( nirvana), ‘Atman’ ( Soul) and ‘the Brahman’ ( Absolute almighty). They also set forth the prime Vedic doctrines of self-realization, yoga and meditation.The different derivations together make out that the Upanishads give us both spiritual and philosophical argument. There are total 108 Upanishads according to the Muktika Upanishad. Of them 12 are considered as the principle Upanishads. They are

1.Isa(Ishopanishad) :-  It is the shortest Upanishad,covering philosophy,religion,ritualsim and metaphysics. This describes about unembodied,omniscient,one who ‘moves & doesnot move’,who is ‘far away, but very near as well’. It is significant for its nature of the supreme being.







2. Kena(Kenopanishad):- This is the truth of Brahman in relation to nature and man.Any power shown is of brahman and must be transformed into a permanent realization.Sankaracharya gave his 2 commentaries on the same in Kenopanishad padabhasya and kenopanishad vakyabhasya.


                    


 


3.Taittriya:- It describes the degrees of happiness enjoyed by the different beings in creation.

4.Aitareya :- It is a Mukhya Upanishad and the oldest Upanishad.Acharyas such as Adi Shankara enclosed their comments on them. It says about Atman, the three births of Atman and also the Qualities of Brahman. 

5.Katha:- It has introduced the term yoga for spiritual exercise. It mainly consists of the teachings on Atman, Buddhi, manas, Indriya(the five senses) and holding back them firmly is known as Yoga.

6.Prashna:- It is the answers given by sage Pippalada to his six pupils Sukesha(Son of Bharadwaja),Satyakama(Son of sibhi),Sauryayanee(descendant of garga),Kausalya(Son of Ashwala),Bhargava,Kabandhi(son of katya)

                                    



Kabandhi Q’s:- What is the Root cause of Universe.
Bhargava Q’s:- What is the supreme among the vital forces of life.
Kaushalya Q’s:- What is the vital force of life and what is the origin of it. How does it relate to external and to the soul inside?
Sauryayanee Q’s:- Tell me about the dream world of a sleeping person.
Satyakama Q’s:- What world is gained by a person who meditates on the word OM until the end of his life.
Bharadwaja Q’s:-  who is the person with sixteen divine attributes

To answer all the above questions the sage asks the pupils to take up penance and Brahmacharya for one year at his place and upon they successfully completing it He answers them.

7.Mundaka(Mundakopanishad):- It is a Mantra Upanishad having, 64 Mantras. It has 3 Mundakas(chapters), each of it having 2 Khandas(sections). Adi sankaracharya comments with a question of relationship between Jeevatma( individual) and Paramatma (Supreme) by means of an analogy of two birds living together on a branch of tree.





Mundaka denotes a shaving razor and a person with a shaven head i.e., Monk. It means the one who comprehends its teaching is shaved and ignorance of higher wisdom, also such teachings are razor sharp leaving no possibility of any ambiguity.

In it sage Angiras, teaches about Brahma vidya or knowledge of Brahman which clearly draws a  distinction between higher knowledge of Brahman(Para Vidya) and the lower knowledge of the phenomenal world ( Apara Vidya).

8.Mandukya:- It consists of 12 versions expounding the AUM, 3 psychological states(waking,dreaming and sleeping) and also illumination. This is the shortest of all Upanishads. Gaudapadacharya was the author of Mandukya karika.

9.Chandogya:- It says about the sacrifices and other forms of worship. In it Upasana’s such as “Dahara vidya” and “shandilya vidya” are its speciality.







10.Svetasvatara:- This Upanishad is described in a poetic style. The topics explained are Prominent conception of Bhakti, Giving importance to the form of god,  using the words from vedanta to describe the best form of god.

11.Brihad- Aranyaka:- This Upanishad is widely known for its philosophical statements. It have 3 sections Madhukanda(i.e.basic identity of Atman or individual),Munikanda(Conversation between sage yajnavalkya and his wife maitreyi) and Khilakanda(methods of meditation). This Upanishad revolve around the 5 Yajnas or sacrifices, i.e.,persons duty towards gods,rishis,ancestors,fellow humans and animals. In the same, 3 disciplines are also explained they are –self control,charity and compassion. It mainli discuss about the ruler inside you,the guiding light,walking and dreaming,deep sleep,Phenomenon of death.








12.Maha- Narayana:- It is the name of several Upanishad’s. It says all about Brahmavidyas and Upasanas.It is also known as Yajniki Upanishad.






Another 8, called as Minor Upanishads
1. Kaivalya
2. Kaushitaki
3. Atma
4. Amritabindu
5. Brahma
6. Paramahamsa
7. Sarva
8. Aruneyi.

Historians and Indologists have put the date of composition of the Upanishads from around 800-400 B.C., They were written by many and not solely from the priestly caste. The main figure in the Upanishads is Yajnavalkya, the great sage who propounded the doctrine of ‘neti-neti’, the view that “truth can only be found through the negation of all thoughts about it”. Other Important Upanishadic sages are Uddalaka Aruni, Shwetaketu, Shandilya, Aitareya, Pippalada, Sanat kumara. Many earlier Vedic teachers like Manu, Brihaspati, Ayasya and Narada also found in Upanishads.

For reference, The Association between Vedam and Upanishads  and our 108 Upanishads are as below:


RigVedam
Suklapaksham YajurVedam
Krishnapaksham      YajurVedam
SamaVedam
AtharvaVedam
Aitareya
Adhyatma,Tara-sara
Akshi, Amrita-Bindhu
Aruni
Annapurna,Bhasma-jabala
Aksha- Malika
Advaya-taraka
Amrita-nada, Avadhuta
Avyakta
Atharvasikha, Gopala-Tapaniya
Atma- Bodha
Bhikshuka
Brahma-vidya, Brahma
Chandogya
Atharvasiras,maha-vakya
Bhavricha
Brihadaranyaka
Dakshinamurti, Dhyana-bindu
Darsana
Atma, Narada-Parivrajaka
Kaushitaki-Brahmana
Hamsa, Trisikhi-brahmana
Ekakshara, Kalagni-Rudra
Jabali
Bhavana,nrisimha-tapaniya
Mudgala
Isavasya, Turiyatita-Avadhuta
Garbha, kali- santarana, Yoga-siksha
Kena
Brihad-jabala, Para-Brahma
Nirvana
Jabala, Yajnavalkya
Kaivalya,katha, Yoga-tattva
Kundika,Maha
Dattatreya,Paramahamsa-Parivrajaka
Saubhagya-lakshmi
Mandala-Brahmana
Katharudra, Maha-Narayana
Maitrayani
Devi,pasupata brahmana
Tripura
Mantrika
Kshurika,Pancha-Brahma
Maitreya
Ganapati,Rama rahasya,Rama-Tapaniya
Nada-Bindu
Muktika
Pranagnihotra,Rudra-Hridaya
Rudraksha-jabala
Garuda,Sandilya,Sarabha

Niralamba
Sarasvati-rahasya,Sariraka
Sannyasa
Hayagriva,Sita,Surya

Paingala
Sarva-sara,Skanda
Savitri
Krishna,Tripadvibhuti-Mahanarayana

Paramahamsa
Suka-rahasaya,Svetasvatara
Vajrasuchika
Mandukya, tripura-tapini

Satyayaniya
Taittiriya,Tejo-bindu
Vasudeva
Mundaka

Subala
Varaha,Yoga-kundalini
Yoga-chudamani
Prasna


The Upanishads contain the essence of the Vedas. They are the concluding portions of the Vedas and are the source of the Vedanta philosophy. They contain the direct spiritual experiences or revelations of seers, or sages, the Rishis. They are the products of the highest wisdom, supreme divine knowledge. Hence they stir the hearts of people and inspire them.

The glory or grandeur of the Upanishads cannot be adequately described in words, because words are finite and language is imperfect. The Upanishads have indeed greatly contributed to the peace and solace of mankind. Millions of aspirants have drawn inspiration and guidance from the Upanishads. They are the cream of the Vedas. They are treasures of incalculable value. They are rich in profound philosophical thought. Their intrinsic value is very great. There is immense depth of meaning in the passages and verses.

The Upanishads give a vivid description of the nature of the Atman, the Supreme Soul, in a variety of ways, and expound suitable methods and aids to attain the Immortal Brahman, the Highest Purusha. So Lets respect them as a valuable asset given by our ancestors.