Monday, 22 April 2013

Indian Vedas

Vedas are most ancient and sacred of world’s scriptures. They reveal the root of all the knowledge and also called as “Pramana Shastra”. They were not written by any human, but was revealed to the human through the ancient Rishis during their super-conscious state known as Tapas. Vedic knowledge is revealed and available to entire humanity and not to a race or religion.





Vedas never have any script and are always propagated through teaching and listening. This method is Karna parampara. These were recorded only when the powers of human faculty were degraded over time. The oldest of them  are found in Brahmi scripts carved on stones. These scripts were in pictorial form and the predecessor to the Devanagari script in use now and also called as samskritham. They are recorded on dry palm leaves which is the available printing medium at that time. The earliest partial printed version of veda was brought out by Max muller during 1850AD.


    Vedas are of mainly 4 types

  1. Rigveda
  2. Yajurveda
  3. Samaveda
  4. Atharvaveda

The first three are known as “trayi vidya” i.e., “ The triple sacred science” of reciting hymns, performing sacrifices and chanting. This is introduced in Brahmanas as mantras. Study of the Vedas forms generally the beginning of an advanced learning in the philosophical and religious literature in india. Among the Chaturvedas The Rig-Veda is primarily concerned with panegyrics to the gods in the heavens, and is the main book of mantras. The Yajur Veda is classified into the Krishna (black) and Sukla (white) recensions. The Yajur Veda contains mainly sacrificial formulae in prose and verse to be chanted at the performance of a sacrifice. The Sama Veda consists mostly of verses from the Rig-Veda set to music for singing during the sacrifice. The Atharva Veda abounds mainly in spells and incantations in verse meant for different lower purposes than the purely spiritual.  

Every Veda has four divisions, called the Samhita, Brahmana, Aranyaka and Upanishad. The Samhita portion of the Vedas embodies the hymns or prayers offered to deities, as already mentioned. The Brahmanas are the ritualistic portion of the Vedas which expatiate on the details of performing sacrifices. The most famous and costly of these sacrifices are the Rajasuya, Asvamedha, Agnishtoma and Soma Yaga, undertaken either for earthly sovereignty or for heavenly joy. There are many minor sacrifices for the performance of which directions are given in the Brahmanas. The mantras of the Samhitas are supposed to be recited in the sacrifices, mainly. They can, however, also be used as pure spiritual exercises in prayer and meditation, which aspect received emphasis in a development that led to the philosophic mysticism of the Upanishads.



                 Vedic Astronomy defines our scientific approach in those days itself.


 Though it will be never possible for me to explain the Chatur Vedas in short, I wish to share small info on them mentioning their prime importances.

Rigvedam

Rig Vedam is the oldest of all the Vedas. All the Vedas are based upon it. It consists to a large degree of various hymns from it. It is the oldest book in Sanskrit or any language in Indo-European Language. Its date is debatable. Many  great yogis and scholars who understood the astronomical references in the hymns, date the rigveda as before 2000BCE.


Even the Vedic teachings Bhagavad Gita ( Lord Shri Krishna teaches the role of him in his play), also applies primarily to Rig Veda. This is the book of mantra. Most aspects of the Vedic science like the practice of Yoga, Meditation, Mantra and Ayurvedam can be found in the Rig Veda.

Samavedam

Sama Vedam is the combination of Sama melody and Veda knowledge. Sama Vedam can be said as the reduced version of Rig Vedam. It consists of various hymns of the Rig Veda put to a different and more musical chant. The hymns in it are used as musical notes.


                        Vedic scholars defines the relation of Sama Vedam and Rig Vedam in a very simple   manner.The Sama Veda represents the ecstasy of spiritual knowledge and the power of devotion. The Rig Veda is the word, the Sama Veda is the song or the meaning. The Rig Veda is the knowledge, the Sama Veda its realization. Hence the two always go together like husband and wife. The Rig Veda is the wife and the Sama is the husband.  

Yajurvedam

                         Humans are inspired to translate good thoughts into action. Yajurveda inspire humans to walk on the path of Karma. That is why it is also called as Karma-Veda. The spirit of the Yajurveda lies in those mantras that inspire people to initiate action. Gayatri Mantram is one of the hymns from Yajur vedam.

                         There are two major groups in this vedam, known as “Black”(Krishna) and “White”(Shukla). Shukla Yajurvedam seperates the samhita from its Brahmana (the Shatapatha Brahmana), the Black Yajurvedam intersperses the samhita with Brahmana commentary. Of the Black Yajurvedam four major recensions survive, they are Maitrayani, Katha, Kapisthala Katha, Taittiriya.




                    It was the main Veda used by the priests in ancient India and has much in common with the Egyptian Book of the Dead.Its deities are the same as the Rig Veda. The purpose of the ritual is to put together and recreate within ourselves the Cosmic Man or Indra. The ritual is to recreate the universe within our own psyche and thereby unite the individual with the universal. Its series of sacrifices culminate in the Atmayajna or the self-sacrifice wherein the ego is offered up to the Divine.  While the lesser sacrifices win the lesser worlds, the Self-sacrifice wins all the worlds and gains the greatest gift of immortality.

Atharvana vedam

            Atharvana vedam in importance is next to Rig Vedam, But it is different from the first three veda’s. The text in this belongs to Atharvan and Angirasa poets. Some parts of Atharvana Vedam are older than the Rig Vedam though not in linguistic form.




               The first part in it mainly consists of spells and incantations, concerned with protection against demons and disaster, spells for healing the diseases, also for long life and spells to fulfill various desires or aims in life.Athar is the Persian name for fire and Atharvan means the fire priest.

Importance 
               Vedas cover all the parts of human life and defines a line to live in it. It consists of Bhagavad Gita, Puranas and Upanishads.


                      
                     Knowledge in vedas is the greatest asset ever provided to any Indian from our ancestors and the knowledge in our mother land is marked to infinite with it. Yet they are ignored by us only and hence makes us to seek help from the people who made few copies of pages in our Vedas. Our Vedas have the greatest significance in India, so Lets respect them, Learn them and share them.

Friday, 19 April 2013

Shri Raam




                 Lord Shri Raam , a name which stands not only for signifying a god but also showing us a role model in humans. Though he is a god and king in this avatar , He stood against many problems across his life and had shown every human how not to loose confidence in life. The way he lived, showed us a way to live. The way he ruled his people, shows a way for good ruler. The character he had towards family, his guru's and even to the enemies shows us a principled life of him and thus becomes a role model to the entire human kind.


                   Today Shreeram Navami is celebrated on the birth of Lord Shree Raamachandra. He is the seventh avatar of Lord Vishnu among the Ten. He is born to the King Dasarath and Kausalya on the Chaitra Sudda Navami in karkataka lagna with punarvasu 4th Pada. According to Valmiki, it was before BC 2055. This festival is celebrated for 9 days, starting from Chaitra Sudda Padyami and ends on Chaitra Sudda Navami. By chanting the Shree rama nama, Bhaktas say they see many positive changes in life.


Sree Raama Raama Raamethi
Rame Raame Manorame |
Sahasra Naama Thatthulyam
Raama Naama Varaanane ||

Sri Raghavam Dasaradhatmajama Prameyam
Seehapatim Raghuvarnvayaratna Deeepam |
Aajanubhahumaravidha Dhallayataatkshayam
Ramam nisacharavinasakaram Navami ||

Aapadaamapa Harthaaram
Daatharam Sarva Sampadaam |
Lokaabhiraamam Sree Raamam
Bhuyo Bhuyo Namaamyaham ||


Ramayanam:-
                          Lord Rama, prince of Ayodhya, is the elder of the four sons of King Dasarath. He was loved the most by his father and all  people of kingdom. He has won the hand of the beautiful princess Sita , daughter of king Janaka in Swayamwaram after boldly lifting the Bow of Lord Shiva. Later all the three sisters of sita were also married with the other three brothers of shree rama.

                         On a day, King Dasarath announces the ceremony of making Shree ram the king of Ayodhya but was exiled with sita and his brother Laksmana for 14 years through the plotting of his stepmother. Shree ram's mother - kaikeyi was given with a word from king dasaratha in a war towards her help where she decides to use that word in future when she really needs. Now during Shri Rama pattabhishekam she uses that word and asks the king to make her son Bharatha the King of Ayodhya, which the king cannot deny and hence becomes sick and later dies when Lord Shree Raam leaves the kingdom on his word.         
                         

                    
                  Lord shreeram makes his journey across the Dandakaranyam and builds his house in it. In the forest Sita was abducted by Ravana, who was defeated by shree ram in the Sita Swayamwaram .Lord Shree Rama gathered an army of great warriors Hanuma, Sugreeva, Angadha, Jambawantha etc., and sends to search for her. As the army is of animals- monkeys, bears. They very soon find the traces of Seeta devi in Lanka. Lord shree ram wishes to build a bridge for his army to reach the place Lanka from India.


                     The allies attacked Lanka, becomes succesful in killing Ravana, and brings Sita back. Later Shree rama was made the king of ayodhya and his people doubts sita for her chastity. Shree ram sents his wife to jungle where she gives birth to Lavakusa( Twin Brothers). Later to it she proves her chastitty by entering into fire, but was vindicated by the gods and restored to her husband. After the couple's triumphant return to Ayodhya, Rama's righteous rule (Ram-raj) inaugurated a golden age for all mankind. 
                    

                     The bridge built by the apes in Ramayanam still exists and known as Rama Sethu. The satellite view of it is here.


Scientific Reasoning :-

                      The Ramarahasyopanishad says that the letters ‘Ra’ and ‘Ma’ are the essence of the two most important Mantras, viz., Ashtakshara and Panchakshara, which, when the letters ‘Ra’ and ‘Ma’ are removed from them, respectively, not only lose their primary meaning but give the opposite meaning. When Ram Nam is chanted, a significant change takes place in the entire organism of the person chanting it. There is a twofold effect product by the utterance of the Divine Name.

                       The Mantra Sakti or the power generated by the juxtaposition (dictionary meaning: The act of positioning close together) of the letters of the Mantra and by the utterance of the same, the whole nervous system of the chanter of the Mantra is set in vibration—a vibration which brings about rhythm, harmony and equilibrium in it. When the nervous system is in such a harmonized state, the breath, too flows rhythmically and the mind rests in a state of tranquillity. It is in this peaceful state of the mind that the divine Consciousness is reflected and the supernal joy of the Eternal is experienced.

Birth:-

                      The analysis by Prof. Vartak and Pushkar Bhatnagar has shown that there did exist a certain point in time when the planetary configuration mentioned at the time of Lord Rama's birth did indeed exist and thus, has shown us that the numerous astrological references in the Ramayan are not imaginary but refer to actual points in time.